Existing Conditions of COVID-19 Cases and Deaths

Existing Conditions of COVID-19 Cases and Deaths
There are two sources that provide age, sex, &  co-morbidity statistics:
  • The Report of the WHO-China Joint task posted on 02, 28,2020 by means of WHO, which is based on 55,924 laboratory-confirmed cases. The report notes that “The Joint Mission acknowledges the known challenges & biases of reporting crude CFR early in a virulent disease” (see also our dialogue on the way to calculate the mortality rate during an outbreak).
  • A paper by the Chinese CCDC released on 02, 17, 2020 which is based on 72,314 confirmed, suspected, & asymptomatic cases of corona-virus(COVID-19) in China as of 02,11,2020 & was published in the Chinese Journal of Epidemiology.

We can list data from each, labeling them as “confirmed cases” &”all cases” respectively within the tables.

Existing Conditions of COVID-19 Cases and Deaths

Age of Corona-virus(COVID-19) Deaths

Corona-virus(COVID-19) Fatality Rate by AGE: Conditions of COVID-19

Death Rate = (wide variety of deaths/number of cases) = probability of death if infected by the virus (%). This probability differs depending on the age group. The percentages shown below do not have to add up to a hundred percent(100%), as they don’t represent the share of deaths by age group. Alternatively, it represents, for someone in a given age group, the risk of dying if infected with (COVID-19).

AGE                         Death rate all cases
80+    years old                14.8%
70-79 years old                08.0%
60-69 years old                03.6%
50-59 years old                01.3%
40-49 years old                  0.4%
30-39 years old                  0.2%
20-29 years old                  0.2%
10-19 years old                  0.2%   
00-9  years old                 no fatalities
Death Rate = (wide variety of deaths/number of cases) = probability of death if infected by the virus (%). The percentages don’t have to add up to a hundred percent(100%), as they do not represent the share of deaths by age group.   
In general, quite a few cases are visible among children.

Sex ratio Conditions of COVID-19

corona-virus(COVID-19) Fatality Rate by SEX:

Death Rate = (wide variety of deaths/number of cases) = probability of death if infected by the virus (%). This probability differs depending on sex. When reading those numbers, it has to be taken into consideration that smoking in China is much more prevalent among males. Smoking increases the risks of respiratory complications.
SEX
DEATH RATE
confirmed cases
DEATH RATE
all cases
Male
4.7%
2.8%
Female
2.8%
1.7%
Death Rate = (wide variety of deaths/number of cases) = probability of death if infected by the virus (%). The percentages do not have to add up to a hundred percent(100%), as they don’t represent the share of deaths by sex.

Pre-existing medical conditions (comorbidities)

Patients who reported no pre-existing (“co morbid“) medical conditions had a case fatality rate of zero.nine%. Pre-existing illnesses that put patients at higher risk of dying from a corona-virus(COVID-19) infection are:  Conditions of COVID-19

Corona-virus(COVID-19) Fatality Rate By Co morbidity:

Death Rate = (wide variety of deaths/number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). This probability differs depending on pre-existing conditions. The percentage shown below doesn’t represent in any way the share of deaths by pre-existing conditions. Rather, it represents, for a patient with a given pre-existing condition, the risk of dying if infected by a corona-virus( COVID-19). Conditions of COVID-19
Pre-existing conditions death rate confirmed case death rate
Cardiovascular disease13.2%10.5%
Diabetes   9.2%7.3%
Chronic respiratory disease8.0%6.3%
Hypertension  8.4%6.0%
Cancer     7.6%5.6%
no pre-existing conditions0.9%
Death Rate = (wide variety of deaths/number of cases) = probability of dying if infected by the virus (%). The percentages do not have to add up to a hundred percent(100%), as they do not represent the share of deaths by the condition. Conditions of COVID-19
 
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