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Causes of scarlet fever

Causes of Scarlet Fever

Table of Contents

What is Scarlet fever?

Scarlet fever, or scarlatina, is contamination concerning an exceptional illness involving a distinctive pink-red rash. It mainly affects children. Left untreated, it can on occasion result in severe complications. In the past, it was a serious childhood illness, but some antibiotics have made it much rarer & less threatening.

What is the main cause of Scarlet fever?

The name of bacteria which is the main cause of scarlet fever is bacterium S. pyogenes or  GABHS as under:

Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS)

Scarlet fever is caused by the bacterium S. pyogenes, or group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS), the equal bacterium that causes strep throat.

Cause of scarlet fever toxin

Scarlet fever is caused by the type of bacteria that cause strep throat. In scarlet fever,the bacteria launch toxins,which scarlet fever signs & symptoms occur. It can produce an erythrogenic (producing a red-colored) toxin. This toxin is responsible for the causing of sandpaper-like red-colored skin rash.

scarlet fever rashes

Causes of scarlet fever in baby

Scarlet fever in baby caused by  same bacteria called group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS). These bacteria release a poison (toxin) that travels through your child’s bloodstream & causes a rash.

Scarlet fever

Common Causes of Scarlet Fever

  • Cough Or Sneezes
The strep A bacteria live in the nose & throat. When a patient of scarlet fever coughs or sneezes, the bacteria become airborne in the form of droplets of water. Someone can get sick by touching one of these surfaces & then touching his or her nose, mouth, or eyes. Another person can catch it by inhaling these droplets or by touching something the droplets land on, such as a door handle, & then touching the nose & mouth.
Causes of different diseases
  • Touching the skin of a person with streptococcal pores & skin infection can also spread contamination. Sharing towels, baths, clothes, or bed linen with an infected person increases the danger.
  • A person with scarlet fever who is not always treated can be contagious for several weeks, even after signs & symptoms have gone. 
  • Some people don’t react to the toxin. They are able to deliver bypass on the infection without showing any symptoms. Only those who react to the toxin will develop signs.
  • This makes it difficult for someone to know if they have been uncovered.
  • Less commonly, the infection may occur through Sharing towels, baths, clothes, or bed linen & touching, close contact or consuming contaminated food, especially milk.
  • The bacteria can spread more easily among people in close contact, as an example at school, home, or work.
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