Life-threatening complications of malaria
Malaria is one life-threatening disease. The complications of severe malaria can produce within hours or days of the first symptoms, then it is important to seek urgent medical help as soon as possible
Complications of malaria are usually more severe in pregnant women, babies, young children, & older people.
Malaria can cause a number of life-threatening complications. The following may occur:
An accumulation of liquid in the lungs that causes breathing problems, which is called pulmonary edema.
Failure of the kidneys
Kidney failure is also known as an end-stage renal disease (ESRD), it is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When kidneys fail, it means they have stopped working well for you to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant. Complications Of Malaria
Liver failure means that your liver has lost all of its functions. It is a life-threatening condition that demands quick medical care. The first symptoms of liver failure are often Complications Of Malaria
loss of appetite,
- Anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells(RBC)
- Low blood sugar(Hypoglycemia)
- Coma(the coma is a sleep-like state when someone is unconscious for a long time).
- Jaundice – yellowing of the skin & whites of the eyes
- shock – a sudden drop in blood pressure(B.P.)
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Dehydration(Dehydration is an excessive loss of fluids & minerals from the body).
- Blackwater fever: it is a severe form of malaria in which RBC are rapidly destroyed, resulting in dark urine.
Failure of the spleen
A ruptured spleen is an emergency medical condition that occurs when the capsule-like covering of the spleen breaks open, pouring blood into the abdominal area. Depending on the size of the rupture, a number of a large amount of internal bleeding can occur. The doctor may refer to a ruptured spleen as a “splenic rupture.
It is a clinical hallmark of thrombocytopenia & can take multiple forms including
- gum bleeding, or,
- in worst cases,
- intracranial hemorrhage.
Those bleeding events are known as “ spontaneous ” because they occur in the absence of overt trauma.
If you get malaria while pregnant, you & your baby have an increased risk of developing serious complications, such as:
- Premature birth – birth before thirty-seven weeks of pregnancy
- Low birth weight
- Restricted growth of the baby in the womb
- Death of the mother
Visit your GP if you’re pregnant & traveling to a high-risk area. They may recommend taking antimalarial medication.
If complications arise as a result of malaria, the outlook could not be as well. Cerebral malaria, which causes swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, can result in brain damage. It can also be caused by fits (seizures) or coma. Complications Of Malaria
The destruction of red blood cells(RBC) by the malaria parasite can cause severe anemia.