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Smoker’s cough Symptoms Causes Complications

People who smoke frequently develop a cough. This cough is caused by clean out the chemicals that go in the airways & lungs through tobacco use. If the cough is persistent, lasting for more than three weeks, it is known as a smoker’s cough. While the cough may begin as a dry cough, it can at last produce phlegm. Other symptoms include a sore throat & chest pain.

Several home remedies may help manage the symptoms of a smoker’s cough.

Fast facts on smoker’s cough:

  • Not all smokers have a smoker’s cough.
  • Smoking causes a smoker’s cough.
  • It can lead to a variety of other conditions, like bronchitis.
  • The most effective treatment for smoker’s cough is to quit smoking.
  • How many smokers have smoker’s cough?
  • Smoker’s cough is common among smokers.
  • Smoker’s cough is a common complaint among people who smoke.

A study on young military personnel found that over forty percent of participants who smoked daily & 27 percent who smoked occasionally experienced chronic cough & phlegm production.

As the study participants were aged 18-21, & smoker’s cough is more prevalent among long-term smokers, the actual percentage of smokers affected by smoker’s cough is likely higher than this.

Not all smokers develop smoker’s cough, but it is more likely among those persistent long-term users of tobacco.

Symptoms

Shortness of breath & chest pain may be symptoms that occur alongside a smoker’s cough.

In the early stages, the cough tends to be dry. In the last stages, the cough produces phlegm:

  • Colorless
  • Blood-tinged
  • Yellow-green
  • White

Other symptoms that occur along with the cough are:

  • A crackling sound when breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Wheezing

Smoker’s cough tends to be severe first thing in the morning & gradually improves as the day goes on. Symptoms of smoker’s cough get progressively severe over time unless the person quits smoking.

Causes

As stated by the American Cancer Society, of the thousands of chemicals in tobacco, at least seventy of them are known about causing cancer.

Upon into the body, a lot of chemicals interfere with the duty of the cilia, the tiny hair-like shape that helps filter toxins from the airways. Study indicates that formaldehyde & other chemicals slow the movement of the cilia & even lower their length, allowing more toxins to enter the lungs.

This action caused by the smoking causes of inflammation. As a result, the body attempts to clean off the substances through coughing. Smoker’s cough may be severe upon waking because the cilia were unaffected by tobacco smoke during sleep & so were more able to catch & expel the chemicals.

Smoker’s cough comparison

It may be distinguished from other types of cough by symptoms like phlegm production, crackling sounds in the chest, & wheezing.

However, it is difficult to differentiate the cough associated with lung conditions, like cancer or COPD, from a smoker’s cough. This fact highlights the importance of regular medical check-ups, particularly for smokers.

smoker's cough

Complications of smoker’s cough

There are many complications related to smoking & a smoker’s cough, with many matters arising from damage to the cilia. The likelihood of growing one or more complications depends on how regularly someone smokes, the badness of their cough, & their overall health status.

Complications are:

  • Increased risk of bacterial & viral respiratory infections
  • Damage to the throat
  • Changes to the voice, such as hoarseness
  • Long-term cough & irritation
  • Damage the cilia may lead to a growing of chemicals in the lungs & airways, which can play a role in the development of:

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, the tubes connect the lungs to the nose & mouth. Symptoms contain breathing difficulties due to a reduced capacity to carry air & phlegm in the airways.

If bronchitis persists for three months or more or is repeated for at least two years, it is known as chronic bronchitis. In 2015, 9.3 million people in the United States detect chronic bronchitis. Smoking is the common cause of this condition.

Asthma-causes-persistent-dry-cough

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a progressive disease characterized by difficulty breathing. The term COPD includes both emphysema & chronic bronchitis. Symptoms are

  • cough,
  • phlegm,
  • wheezing, &
  • tightness in the chest.

As stated by the National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute, COPD – which is primarily caused by smoking – is the major cause of death in the U.S.

Emphysema

A form of COPD results in damage to the alveoli – the air sacs in the lungs. As a result, the body struggles to receive the oxygen it needs. Symptoms include breathing difficulties & chronic cough.

Incontinence

In the female, a smoker’s cough may trigger stress urinary incontinence. Some study suggests that female who smokes heavily are much more likely to experience a sudden & intense need to urinate than non-smoking females.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the chief cause of cancer death in America, & cigarette smoking is the first cause of lung cancer. According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), up to 90 percent of lung cancers in the United States linked to smoking, with even rare smoking increasing cancer risk.

Lung cancer

Pneumonia

Tobacco use increases susceptibility to bacterial lung infections like pneumonia. Symptoms of pneumonia are

  • cough,
  • fever, &
  • difficulty breathing.

Some people, particularly those with underlying health problems, require hospitalization for pneumonia. This infection can exacerbate emphysema & certain other conditions.

The social & emotional impact

Aside from physical effects, having a persistent cough can affect emotional & social functioning, e.g., constant coughing can interfere with sleep & disturb others. It may interfere with socializing & may be disruptive to family, friends, & colleagues.

Treatments & home remedies

There are some items a person can do to relieve the smoker’s cough, as well as some medication care to ease the symptoms.

Quitting smoking

No doubt, the most helpful treatment for smoker’s cough is to leave smoking. However, at the start, a cough may persist or increase after stopping, usually for up to three months in some cases for much longer, as the body clears out the growth of toxins from the airways.

Other treatments & remedies

leaving smoking is the best treatment for smoker’s cough.

The following tips may help comfort the irritation & other symptoms related to smoker’s cough:

  • Stay hydrated
  • Gargle
  • Honey with warm water or tea
  • Suck lozenges
  • Practice deep breathing exercises
  • Use steam
  • Try a humidifier
  • Exercise
  • Eat healthily
  • Elevate the head at night

Coughing helps to exit toxins from the lungs, so suppressing the cough is not usually helpful. Always consult a physician before taking cough suppressants for a smoker’s cough.

cough-remedy

Outlook

This cough will most expected persist as long as the person smokes. While specific home remedies are handy to reduce the symptoms of This cough, they won’t solve the condition.

Even after leaving, the cough may persist for some months.

When to see a doctor

It is essential to see a doctor if:

Cough persists for more than 2-3 weeks. Chronic coughs are one of the most general symptoms of lung cancer.

Symptoms interfere with everyday life. Symptoms are

  • Trouble sleeping
  • Persistent pain in the throat or chest
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Headaches
  • Yellow-green phlegm
  • Seek immediate medical treatment for:
  • Bladder incontinence
  • Coughing up blood
  • Fainting after coughing
  • Pain in the ribs

It Is also advisable to speak with a physician for information on quitting smoking & when considering the use of cough suppressants for this cough.

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