Primary prevention of malaria
It is best to use the ABCD method for Prevention Of Malaria, which holds for:
- Knowing of risk – find out whether you’re at risk of getting malaria.
- Bite prevention – avoid mosquito bites simply by using insect repellent, covering the arms & legs, & using a mosquito net.
- Check whether you need to take malaria prevention medicine– in case you do, make sure you take the right antimalarial medicine at the right dose, & complete the course.
- Diagnosis – seek immediate medical guidance if you have malaria symptoms, including up to a year when you come back from traveling.
Secondary prevention of malaria
Secondary prevention takes in controlling and make fewer individual risks by using the full range of personal safety and behavior modification measures.
How can malaria be controlled and prevented?
The main step is focused on the reduction of the contact between mosquitoes and humans, the destruction of larvae by environmental management and the use of larvicides or mosquito larvae predators, and the destruction of mature mosquitoes by indoor extra spraying and insecticide-use bed nets.
Preventing drugs for Malaria
For the Prevention Of Malaria, there is no vaccine available. So it’s very important to take antimalarial medication to reduce your chances of getting malaria. Depending on the area you are visiting & your individual risk factors for
infection, talk to your physician if you are traveling to an area where malaria is common or if you live in such an area.
You could be prescribed medications to prevent the disease. These medications are the same as those used to treat malaria & should be taken before, during, & after your trip. Some preventive medicines are: Atovaquone/proguanil (Malarone), doxycycline &mefloquine, etc Chloroquine (Aralen) may become used safely in all trimesters of pregnancy, &Mefloquine may be used safely in the second & third trimesters of pregnancy.
Many malaria parasites are now resisting the particular most common drugs used to treat the disease.
Key elements in the Prevention Of Malaria include barrier protection & chemoprophylaxis
Chloroquine & Resochen are also available in tablet & syrup form.
Resochen prevention dose: For Prevention Of Malaria two tablets take once weekly for adults, & one tablet takes once weekly for children.
When taking antimalarial medication:
- make sure you find the right antimalarial medicine before you go – check with your doctor or pharmacist if you’re unsure
- follow the instructions included with your tablets carefully
- depending on the form you are taking, continue to take your medicine for up to four weeks after returning from your trip to cover the particular incubation period of the disease
Check with your GP to make sure you’ve prescribed a medication you can tolerate. You may become more at risk from side effects if you:
- have HIV or AIDS
- have epilepsy or any kind of seizure condition
- are depressed or have another mental health condition
- have heart, liver, or kidney problems
- take medicine, like warfarin, to prevent blood clots
- use combined hormonal contraception, such as the contraceptive pill or contraceptive spots
If you have taken antimalarial medication in the last, do not assume it is suitable for future trips. The antimalarial you need to take depends on which strain of malaria is carried by the mosquitoes & whether they’re resistant to certain types of antimalarial medication.
In the UK, chloroquine & proguanil can be bought over-the-counter from local pharmacies. On the other hand, you should seek medical advice before buying this it can rarely be recommended nowadays. For all other antimalarial tablets, you shall need a prescription from your GP.
Read more about antimalarial medication, including the main types & when to take them.
Being aware of the risks
To check whether you need to take for prevention Of Malaria or malaria treatment for the countries you are visiting, see the Fit for Travel website.
It’s also important to visit your GP or local travel clinic for malaria advice as soon as you know where you are going to be traveling. Prevention Of Malaria
Even if you grew up in a country where malaria is common, you still need to take precautions to protect yourself from infection if you are traveling to a risk area. Prevention Of Malaria
No one has complete immunity to malaria, & any amount of natural protection you may have had is quickly lost if you move out of a risky place. Prevention Of Malaria
Preventing bites Prevention Of Malaria
It is not possible to avoid mosquito bites completely, but the particular less you are bitten, the less likely you will be to get malaria. Prevention Of Malaria
To avoid being bitten:
- Stay somewhere that has effective air conditioning & screening on doors & windows. If this is not possible, make sure doors & windows close properly.
- If you are not sleeping in an air-conditioned place, sleep under an intact mosquito net that is usually been treated with insecticide.
- Use insect repellent on the skin & in sleep environments. Remember to reapply it frequently. The most effective repellents contain diethyltoluamide (DEET) & are available in sprays, roll-ons, sticks, & creams.
- Wear light, loose-fitting trousers rather than shorts, & wear shirts with long sleeves. This is particularly important during the early evening & at night when mosquitoes prefer to feed.
There is no evidence to suggest homeopathic remedies, electronic buzzers, vitamins B1 or B12, garlic, yeast extract spread (such as Marmite), tea tree oils or bath oils offer any protection against mosquito bites.
DEET insect repellents
Thediethyltoluamide(DEET) is often used in insect repellents. It is not recommended for babies who are under two months old.
DEET is safe for older children, adults & pregnant women if you follow the manufacturer’s instructions:
- External use only
- Do not spray directly on your face – spray into your hands & pat on to your face
- Avoid contact with lips & eyes
- Wash your hands after applying
- Do not apply to broken or irritated skin
- Make sure you apply DEET after applying sunscreen, not before.
Malaria in pregnancy
For the Prevention Of Malaria, the World Health Organization (WHO) advises that will pregnant women should avoid traveling to areas where there’s a risk of malaria.
If you are traveling in order to locations where malaria will be common,
take steps to prevent mosquito bites by using protective clothing,
using pest repellants & sleeping below treated mosquito nets.
Please note: This content including tips provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own physician for more information.Trendviral.org does not claim responsibility for this information. read in detail