Scarlet fever, or scarlatina, is contamination concerning an exceptional illness involving a distinctive pink-red rash. Scarlet fever mainly affects children. In the past, it was a serious childhood illness, but some antibiotics have made it much rarer & less threatening. However, occasional & significant outbreaks still occur. Children aged 5 to fifteen years have a higher threat of growing scarlet fever than other age groups. Around eighty percent of cases occur in children under ten years. Left untreated, it can on occasion result in severe complications.
Fast facts on scarlet fever
There are some main points about scarlet fever.
- Scarlet fever is much less common now than in the past, but outbreaks still occur.
- The bacteria that reason strep throat is also responsible for scarlet fever.
- It can be successfully treated with antibiotics.
- The primary symptoms are a rash, a sore throat, & a fever.
What is scarlet fever in children?
Scarlet fever is an infectious disease that causes a rash. It’s also known as scarlatina. It is caused by the same kind of bacteria that cause strep throat. It may also be caused by infected wounds or burns. The rash is made up of tiny red bumps that feel like sandpaper.
What are the symptoms of scarlet fever in a child?
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. They can start with:
- Sore throat
- Stomach pain
- Coated white tongue
- Strawberry-like color of the tongue
The rash starts about 1 to 2 days after the first symptoms. The red, sandpaper-like rash appears on the neck, forehead, cheeks, and chest. It may then spread to the arms and back. The rash usually starts to fade after 2 to 7 days. The skin in the areas of the rash may peel after the infection is over, especially on the hands, feet, and genitals.
The symptoms of scarlet fever can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees a healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
- A red, sore throat, on occasion with white or yellowish patches
- A fever of 38.3 Celsius (101 Fahrenheit) or higher, often with chills.
Other possible symptoms of Scarlet fever are:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Feeling unwell
- Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, & abdominal pain
- Broken blood vessels in the folds of the body, e.g., the armpits, groin, elbows, knees, & neck, known as Pastia’s lines
- Swollen neck glands, or lymph nodes, which might be gentle to the touch.
- A white coating forms on the tongue that peels away, leaving a red & swollen “strawberry” tongue